Infectious Diseases Care Plans
Whether you’re dealing with an infection such as Herpes Zoster Shingles, or a disease such as Influenza Flu, or a condition such as Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome AIDS, having an Infectious Diseases care plan can help you and your physician work together on a plan to treat and prevent a wide range of infections. Infectious Diseases Care Plans are important for all nurses to master and know how to write them.
Infectious Diseases Care Plans;
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome AIDS
AIDS is an autoimmune disorder that is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). HIV attacks the immune system and destroys the CD4 cells. This leaves the body more susceptible to infections and certain cancers. It is also associated with an increased risk of death.
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is the most advanced stage of HIV infection. It is a chronic condition. Symptoms usually appear between 12 and 18 months after an initial infection. It is caused by the retrovirus human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
The virus enters the body through blood or body fluids and travels through the bloodstream. It can be transmitted through sexual intercourse, breastfeeding, and unprotected sex with an infected person.
A person with HIV should have their viral load tested at least two to eight weeks after starting treatment. This test will measure how many copies of the virus are in the blood. A viral load of over 200 copies/mL signals that the virus is progressing.
Treatments can help people with HIV live longer. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) can also help prevent transmission of the virus. However, HIV continues to replicate in the body without treatment.
Patients with AIDS can easily spread the virus to other people. The most common risk factor is the sharing of syringes or injection equipment. Another risk factor is the use of contaminated equipment. In the hospital, equipment contaminated with body fluids should be disinfected.
Acute Rheumatic Fever care plan
During the course of an infectious disease, a person may have rheumatic fever. This condition is caused by an autoimmune response to the group A beta-hemolytic streptococci bacteria. It is a systemic disease that affects the skin, heart, and brain. It is often treated with antibiotics.
Acute rheumatic fever is a serious condition that can lead to heart failure. The inflammation caused by the bacteria can cause damage to the heart muscle and valves. This can lead to aortic regurgitation, atrial fibrillation, and heart failure in later life.
The disease is usually seen in children between 5 and 15 years of age. It is usually caused by strep throat infections. Group A streptococci are found in every community. It is important to treat the infection early to prevent rheumatic fever. A blood test can determine if the person has a strep infection.
The symptoms of rheumatic fever vary from person to person. The person may have a fever, flushed skin, and profuse sweating. They may also have heart abnormalities and nodules on their skin.
The treatment of rheumatic fever is to reduce inflammation and the underlying bacterial infection. The antibiotics are given as a single shot, or as a daily regimen by mouth.
Anti-inflammatory medications are also prescribed. The use of corticosteroids can reduce inflammation in more severe cases. These medications may also help relieve the pain and fever.
Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever care plan
Besides malaria, dengue fever is one of the most important tropical infectious diseases. It is transmitted by mosquitoes that feed on humans. It is most common in Africa and tropical Asia, but it has expanded its geographic distribution.
Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is a severe form of dengue fever. It is characterized by a sudden onset of fever, headache, body aches, and rash. It is caused by one of four closely related dengue viruses.
It can be fatal if not treated. The virus is capable of destroying blood clotting mechanisms, resulting in massive bleeding. If you develop symptoms of dengue hemorrhagic fever, see your doctor immediately.
A blood test can diagnose dengue fever. It can also identify the type of dengue virus that is causing the symptoms. A dengue vaccine is recommended for children 9 to 16 years old.
The risk of developing dengue hemorrhagic fever increases in the elderly and diabetics. Patients should also take special care when sleeping in an unscreened room.
Patients should also drink plenty of fluids and avoid medicines that contain aspirin. Patients should also be monitored closely during the convalescent phase of dengue fever. If they develop severe symptoms, they should be immediately treated.
The symptoms of dengue fever can be similar to those of malaria, chikungunya, typhoid, and other viral hemorrhagic fevers. The patient should also wear long sleeves, and avoid crowded areas.
Herpes Zoster Shingles care plan
Symptoms of herpes zoster include malaise, headache, fever, and rash. If you are diagnosed with herpes zoster, it is important that you follow a treatment plan to prevent complications from developing. Antiviral medications are used to prevent the spread of the virus, treat infection, and relieve pain.
Symptoms of zoster vary from person to person. Some people have a rash that lasts for weeks or years. Others have a rash that only appears on one side of their body.
The rash is very painful and can cause vision problems. It can also cause hearing loss. People with a weakened immune system are at higher risk for complications. People who are pregnant or breastfeeding should be extra careful to avoid exposure to people with herpes zoster.
Antiviral medications are used to treat herpes zoster. They can decrease the number of days of acute discomfort, shorten the duration of the rash, and reduce the number of new vesicles formed.
Antibiotics are also used to treat the infection. Anti-bacterial ointments can be applied to the affected areas to reduce crusting and prevent secondary infection. Using non-stick bandages can also prevent the rash from spreading.
If you have a herpes zoster, you should start an antiviral treatment regimen within 72 hours of onset of symptoms. Taking the medication early will help you to lessen the length of the infection and prevent post herpetic neuralgia (PHN), which is a severe pain that can last months or years.
Influenza Flu care plan
Getting a flu shot is the best way to avoid getting the flu. You can also take care of yourself at home, including proper hydration and a healthy diet.
The most common symptoms of the flu are a fever, cough, sore throat, runny nose, body aches, headache, and fatigue. There are many ways to treat the flu, including antiviral medications and pain relievers.
Some patients may experience complications, including pneumonia and dehydration. These conditions can worsen and can require hospitalization. If you are experiencing any of the following symptoms, seek medical attention immediately:
Getting a flu shot can reduce your chances of developing serious complications. Besides the flu, you should also wear a mask when you go outdoors, and wash your hands after using the toilet.
A flu care plan for infectious diseases should be implemented in all health care settings. Healthcare providers should advocate flu vaccination and anti-viral medication. You can also reduce your chances of getting the flu by staying home when you feel unwell, and washing your hands often.
There are many influenza vaccines available, and you can receive the shot as an injection or nasal spray. The vaccine is not guaranteed to prevent the flu, but it can reduce your chances of getting the flu by up to 50%.
Some other flu care measures include washing your hands frequently and getting plenty of rest. Proper nutrition also aids in faster healing.
Pulmonary Tuberculosis care plan
TB is an infectious disease that affects the lungs. It is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The disease can also affect the kidneys and liver. TB patients may need breathing support or supplemental oxygen support.
The goal of TB treatment is to cure the patient. However, it may take longer if the TB strain is resistant to medication. TB treatment can last for several months or more.
The first few weeks of therapy are a crucial time for a TB patient. They should stay home, avoid crowds, and maintain proper oxygenation. They should also wear a facial mask and wash their hands frequently. This will help prevent the spread of the infection.
When patients start treatment, their vital signs will be monitored every four hours. They will also have their sputum specimens checked monthly. If the sputum is positive for tuberculosis, further diagnostic tests may be performed.
Treatment for TB aims to improve oxygenation, restore proper gas exchange, and reduce inflammation in the lungs. It may also involve the use of a bronchodilator to relax the airways. Occasionally, intubation may be required to treat rare cases of laryngeal edema.
Nursing professionals play an important role in the management of TB. Their job is to provide supportive care, monitor client responses to treatment, and to ensure that patients follow their treatment regimens. The treatment should be tailored to the client’s needs.
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